Session: Challenges for African and Asian Cities
Sustainable Urban and Regional Futures Stream
Day 1, Parallel Session 1A: 11:00am – 12:30pm
Location: Storey Hall (Building 16) – Main Auditorium, Level 5, Room 1
Chair: Matthew Healey (University of Melbourne)
||Urban Regeneration in South Africa: The Role of Cultural Interpretation
- Presenter and main author: Matthew Healey (University of Melbourne)
- Abstract: Pretoria, South Africa, is a city with a myriad of complex social, economic, and ecological issues, and an extremely deep and complex socio-cultural history. Recent interest by the local government has been focused on undertaking urban regeneration projects on specific spaces within the inner city. This presentation examines the role of stories of places in regeneration. Key questions that are considered include: what do we mean by urban regeneration? How do different worldviews figure into its interpretation? What is the difference between a space and a place? How do different places fit into urban regeneration? This presentation explores these questions through a study of the story of street vendors in the redevelopment space using on-site interviews, and obtaining national and local governmental perspectives through document analysis. The study indicates that contrasting views of the role of a place detracts from the regenerative potential of projects. This presentation argues that by reconciling rather than compromising these differences, positive regenerative outcomes are possible. These outcomes would allow for governmental priorities and the needs of the people in the future to be met in a manner that is positive and inclusionary, without sacrificing the needs of those in the present.
- About the presenter: Matthew recently completed a multidisciplinary Master of Environment degree at the University of Melbourne. He also has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Anthropology and Development Studies from La Trobe University. His interests lie in the sustainability/development nexus, innovation and change, and in climate change adaptation methodologies.
||Pro-environmental Behaviour and Private Car Ownership in Fast Developing Countries: The Case of Bangkok in Thailand
- Presenter and co-author: Alizara Juangbhanich (TEAM Group of Companies Co. Ltd.)
- Main author: Dr Catalina Turcu (University College London)
- Abstract: Private car ownership has continuously grown throughout the last century and is projected to increase rapidly in emerging markets and developing countries. By 2030, 56% of the world’s motor vehicles are presumed to be owned by developing nations compared to 24% in 2002 (Dargay, et al., 2007). Similarly, Thailand, a middle-income country with strong growth but still classified as a ‘developing country’, has also started to experience problems from the rapid growth in private car ownership throughout the past decades of ‘leap-frog’ development. This presentation seeks to explore the underlying factors behind car ownership and car-use behaviour in Thailand and whether this behaviour can be shifted to a more pro-environmental one. It does so through the lens of an original conceptual framework which draws on Steg’s motivational model for car use (Steg, 2005) and Anable’s profile segmentation of car owners (Anable, 2005). The presentation coins eight psychographic groups of drivers in which influential factors of car-use, qualities of environmental morality, and responsiveness for pro-environmental behaviour change accordingly. The survey of a stratified sample of over 500 car-users within the Bangkok metropolitan area provides the primary data for this analysis. The case of Bangkok shows that car-dependency behaviour is fostered equally through emotional attachments such as feelings of identity, control and superiority, as well as instrumental functions of car-use i.e. access and convenience. Furthermore, emotional attachments impede most individuals’ willingness for a pro-environmental shift in their behaviour. Albeit instrumental constraints to drive, not all Bangkok metropolitan drivers are susceptible to change travel behaviour once presented with the opportunity. Thus, policy measures such as better provision or improvement of public transport alone are not sufficient to shift behaviour in private car ownership. Car-use is very much entrenched into cultural and social norms whereby car ownership and use will always be in demand by a large number of individuals with a relatively wide range of motivations. Policy packages appeal differently to these various typologies of drivers and thus, they should be designed and planned accordingly. Future policies aimed at reducing car-dependency in fast developing countries should not only focus on travel ‘alternatives’ and public transport, but also on measures that use cultural and social norms to ‘nudge’ change in individual attitudes and behaviour.
- About the presenter: Alizara (Lisa) recently graduated with a Master’s degree in Sustainable Urbanism from the Bartlett School of Planning, University College London. Holding a background degree in architecture, her interest for sustainability in the built environment ranges from green building design to research in sustainable urban planning and development. Inspiration for her works on behavioural change in car-dependency was to generate a better understanding of motivational factors underlying car-use and highlight implications for reducing private car-use patterns in Bangkok and similar cities. Lisa is also an accredited associate in Thailand’s Rating of Energy and Environmental Sustainability (TREES-A).