Session: Sustainability Challenges

Sustainable Urban and Regional Futures Stream


Day 1, Parallel Session 1B: 1:30pm – 3:00pm

Location: Storey Hall (Building 16) – Conference Room 1, Level 7, Room 7

Chair: Nina Woods (Condamine Alliance)


Damna Alzahrani Environmental Legislation and the Management of Medical Waste: Case Study of Saudi Arabia

  • Presenter and main author: Damna Alzahrani (University of Western Australia)
  • Abstract: Many public and private hospitals are suffering in third world countries from increasing density and volume of medical waste, the struggling to find a proper way to get rid of the size and quantity of hazardous medical waste that is generated from health care provided to patients and visitors. This could cause injuries and spread diseases due to the lack of commitment by those hospitals departments. Moreover environmental management of such wastes dumping indiscriminately in front of hospitals to be left in the open easily tampered with or transfer to municipal waste into landfills is unhealthy and can have a serious impact to the citizens. An important call for elimination to the problem of disposing of those hazardous waste through the advanced technology and special modern equipment with the need to implement integrated environmental management of hazardous medical waste for hospitals and safe disposal of such waste and prevent access to hazardous chemical wastes generated after the final treatment for the aquifer to protect the environment and public health. This presentation conducts a critical analysis of the regulations and legal procedural efforts made by Saudi Arabia in light of international and regional efforts to regulate medical-waste management. An analysis examines how the Saudi Government has implemented its international and regional legal obligations. Also, a brief comparative study between Australia and Saudi Arabia regulatory and enforcement systems.
  • About the presenter: Damna is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Western Australia’s Faculty of Law. She holds a Masters Degree in International Environmental Law and a Postgraduate Certificate of International Environmental Law from Macquarie University. Damna’s PhD project is sponsored by the Ministry of Higher Education in Saudi Arabia through the King Abdullah Scholarship Program. Damna’s research interests include cultural heritage law, marine environmental and environmental law. 
Shams Rahman A Fuzzy DEMATEL Approach to Assess Drivers of Efficient Kerbside Waste Management in an Urban Context

  • Presenter and main author: Professor Shams Rahman (RMIT University)
  • Abstract: Regulation on waste management in Australia has over the previous decade focused on the reduction of environmental impact from waste collection and conservation of resources from waste. Victorian State Government, Australia is committed to the strategic goal of achieving ‘Zero Waste’ (TWZ, 2005). The purpose of this study is to assess and understand the critical drivers of successful implementation of a kerbside waste management system in a city council.   Several conceptual models that suggest ways to design and implement reverse logistics have been developed (Carter and Ellram, 1998; Dowlatshahi, 2000, 2005; Knemeyer et al., 2002). Recently Rahman and Subramanian (2011) suggested a eight-factor conceptual model for the implementation of reverse logistics. These factors are legislation, customer demand, strategic cost/benefit, environmental concern, volume and quality, incentive, resource, and integration and coordination. We have adapted this model for this study.  A fuzzy DEMATEL (Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory) method was used for analysing data (Fontela and Gabus,1974). It’s a decision-making approach which prioritizes alternatives when multiple criteria must be considered. This methodology is chosen for our analysis because it is proven to deliver more valuable information for decision-making of a problem with complex interdependencies. 
  • Co-authors: Dr Qingda (Peter) Yuan (Shanghai Institute of Foreign Trade)
  • About the presenter: Shams Rahman holds the position of Professor of Supply Chain Management and Head, Logistics and Supply Chain at RMIT University. Prior to joining RMIT, he worked at other universities in Australia, UK and Thailand. He also held visiting fellowship at the Virginia Tech and University of Exeter. 
  • Shams is on the editorial board of ten international journals. He is an Associate Editor of the International Journal of Information Systems and Supply Chain Management, a Regional Editor of the International Journal of Logistics and Supply Chain Management Systems, and a Member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the Advances in Information Systems and Supply Chain Management (Book Series). He is also the foundation member of the International Advisory Committee of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Logistics & Supply Chain Systems. 
  • Shams has a research interest in the areas of reverse/Green logistics and sustainability, cold chain and pharmaceutical logistics, low cost country sourcing, risk and complexity security issues in global supply chains, theory of constraints and six-sigma quality & Lean logistics. Shams has published over 100 scholarly papers which include articles in international journals, book chapters, and referred papers in international conference proceedings. He has extensive consulting, organizing and delivering workshops experience with and for multinational companies. Shams is frequently called upon to make presentations for executives on issues such as six-sigma and lean management, cold chain management, reverse logistics, and theory of constraints in particular and supply chain management in general.